Class Notes U04

4. (1) The number of the birds continues to decline(= decrease; fall).
    (2) My grandmother's health has been declining(= worsening).
    (3) Mary declined his offer of another drink.
  拒絕(v.) cf. refuse; reject; decline
- He refused the offer.
- He rejected my suggestion.
- He declined the invitation.

8. cf. improper; inappropriate

- Her informal manner seemed wholly inappropriate for the occasion.
- This is an improper diet for a growing teenager.

12. 遵守規定   obey(= follow; observe) the rules/ regulations

- He collapsed on the sofa.
- The housing market collapsed.
- Property prices collapsed.

17. 驚訝、訝異(n.)  
cf. surprise; shock; amazement; astonishment

19. 固體 solid → 固體的(adj.) solid
      液體 liquid → 液體的(adj.) liquid
      氣體 gas → 氣體的(adj.) gaseous 
20. 恢復健康
   sb + be restored to health
   sb + recover (from) illness)

21. S + remain + S.C. (adj./ Ving./ p.p/ n. /介片/地方adv.)
   cf. remain; maintain
- They remained close friends for the rest of their lives.
- She found it hard to maintain their friendship.

22. 行為(n.):  cf. deed; behavior; conduct

   *good/ evil/ brave/ heroic deeds
   - I'm surprised by her bad behavior toward her friends.
   - There are strict rules for lawyers’ professional conduct.

23. 非凡的:  extraordinary; exceptional; outstanding; (remarkable)

24. amid = amidst


10  ...began to treat the princess for this life-threatening disease.

 *treat sb for ~ disease
 treat (v.)
1. He treated me badly.
2. She promised to treat me to a movie.
3. The patient was treated for diabetes/ with a new drug.
4. Diabetes can be treated with a new drug.

cf. treat (n.)  treatment (n.)
1. We want to ensure equal treatment for everyone.
2. Let’s go out to dinner. It will be my treat.
3. A trip to the beach was a real treat to the kids.
4. The best treatment for a cold is to rest.

13  ....the princess quickly recovered from the illness the next morning.
cf. ....the princess was quickly restored to health.

29  Out of curiosity, Omar collected....

 *出於好奇/ 尊敬/ 同情/ 習慣......
 → out of curiosity/ respect/ compassion(sympathy)/ habit...

 *出乎意料之外(adv.) → unexpectedly

36  .... did his name occur to the people again.

 *sth + occur to + sb 
→ It + occur to sb + that S+V / to V

- An idea just occurred to me.
- It suddenly occurred to me that we could ask the teacher for help.
- It never occurred to me to give up.

 (1) (突然)想到
 *sth + occur to + sb
 *sth + cross/ come into/ flash through one’s mind.
 *sb + hit on(upon) + sth

- This brilliant idea occurred to me.
= This brilliant idea crossed/ came into/ flashed through my mind.
= I hit on/upon this brilliant idea.

 (2) (突然)意識到: 
 *sth + occur to/ strike/ hit + sb
- It suddenly occurred to/ struck/ hit me that I had said something wrong.
= I suddenly realized that I had said something wrong. 

 *sb + come up with/ think up/ think of + a(n) plan/ excuse/ solution...

- The girl came up with/ thought up/ thought of a plan.

38  The people of Mocha, ..., recalled Omar’s good deeds...

1. I don’t recall(= remember) seeing anyone outside.
2. The ambassador was recalled from abroad.
3. The cars had to be recalled due to an engine fault.

45  ..., he sent word(= send a message) that Omar was no longer in exile.

 word (U; sing.) = news; a message

- The mayor sent word that he'd be late. (old-fashioned formal)
- Word has it that the neighbors are moving next month.
- We found this hotel by word of mouth.